1. Classification - "People are divided into "us and them"

2. Symbolization - "When combined with hatred, symbols may be forced upon unwilling members of pariah groups..."

3. Dehumanization - "One group denies the humanity of the other group. Members of it are equated with animals, vermin, insects or diseases."

4. Organization - "Genocide is always organized... Special army units or militias are often trained and armed..."

5. Polarization - "Hate groups broadcast polarizing propaganda..."

6. Preparation - "Victims are identified and separated out because of their ethnic or religious identity..."

7. Extermination - "It is "extermination" to the killers because they do not believe their victims to be fully human."

8. Denial - "The perpetrators... deny that they committed any crimes..."